WH Question Words

We use question words to ask certain types of questions. We often refer to them as WH words because they include the letters WH (for example WHy, HoW).

Question Word
asking for information about something
What is your name?

asking for repetition or confirmation
What? I can't hear you.
You did what?
asking for a reason, asking why
What did you do that for?
asking about time
When did he leave?
asking in or at what place or position
Where do they live?
asking about choice
Which colour do you want?
asking what or which person or people (subject)
Who opened the door?
asking what or which person or people (object)
Whom did you see?
asking about ownership
Whose are these keys?
Whose turn is it?
asking for reason, asking what...for
Why do you say that?
why don't
making a suggestion
Why don't I help you?
asking about manner
How does this work?

asking about condition or quality
How was your exam?
how + adj/adv
asking about extent or degree
see examples below
how far
How far is Pattaya from Bangkok?
how long
length (time or space)
How long will it take?
how many
quantity (countable)
How many cars are there?
how much
quantity (uncountable)
How much money do you have?
how old
How old are you?
how come (informal)
asking for reason, asking why
How come I can't see her?

The "grammar" used with wh- questions depends on whether the topic being asked about is the "subject" or "predicate" of a sentence. For the subject pattern, simply replace the person or thing being asked about with the appropriate wh-word.
(Someone has my baseball.)
(Something is bothering you.)

Who has my baseball?
What is bothering you?
For the predicate pattern, wh- question formation depends on whether there is an "auxiliary" verb in the original sentence. Auxiliary or "helping" verbs are verbs that precede main verbs. Auxiliary verbs are italicized in the following sentences.
I can do it.
They are leaving.
I have eaten my lunch.
I should have finished my homework
To make a question using the predicate pattern, first form a yes/no question by inverting the subject and (first) auxiliary verb. Then, add the appropriate wh- word to the beginning of the sentence.
(You will leave some time.)
? will you leave
When will you leave?
(He is doing something.)
? is he doing
What is he doing?
(They have been somewhere.)
? have they been
Where have they been?
If there is no auxiliary and the verb is "be," invert the subject and verb, then add the appropriate wh- word to the beginning of the sentence.
(He is someone.)
? is he
Who is he?
(The meeting was some time.)
? was the meeting
When was the meeting?
If there is no auxiliary and the verb is not "be," add do to the beginning of the sentence. Then add the appropriate wh-question word. Be sure to "transfer" the tense and number from the main verb to the word do.
(You want something.)
? do you want
What do you want?
(You went somewhere.)
? did you go (past tense)
Where did you go?

(She likes something.)
? does she like (third person -s)
What does she like?

 until here how is the progress? is there something to ask? if you want to ask about this material please send the comment behind this material. for bonus i would like to give some material, exercises behind to ensure that you can master this lesson.

  • Download material WH Question (ms word)
  • Exercises WH Question material  1 (ms word)
  • Exercises WH Question material  2 (ms word)


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